US-Iran Relations : New Sanctions Imposed
US-Iran Relations: Diplomacy
- US and Iran currently do not have direct diplomatic relations, instead of exchanging ambassadors, Iran maintains an interests section at the Pakistani Embassy in Washington, D.C. while the United States has maintained a corresponding interests section at the Swiss Embassy in Tehran (since 1980).
- Since December 2011, the United States has also maintained a virtual embassy online (now a blocked website in Iran).
US-Iran relations : Recent developments in Trump’s reign
- US president Donald Trump signs an executive order banning nationals from seven Muslim- majority nations including Iran from entering United States for 90 days.
- Retaliating for the US executive order, Iran slams the ban and threatens reciprocal measures through legal, consular and diplomatic actions.
- Next day Iran said it would stop US citizens from entering the country in retaliation.
- On January 29, Iran test-fired a medium-range missile, which the White house contends violated UN Security Council resolution 2231 prescribing missiles that could carry a nuclear device.
- Iran confirmed that, it tested a ballistic missile but denied it was a breach of 2015 nuclear deal with world powers or UN resolutions.
- Donald Trump administration has imposed sanctions on Iran following its missile test. The sanctions target 13 Iranians and 12 companies, including groups in China, Lebanon and UAE.
- Hours after sanctions were imposed, the US defence secretary, James Mattis called Iran the world’s “biggest state sponsor of terrorism”.
US-Iran relations : Iran’s reaction for US sanctions
- Iran’s Revolutionary Guard Corps launched military drills, in defiance of newly imposed sanctions.
- Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman says the missile program is “solely for defensive purposes” and is not within the “sphere” of the UN Security Council’s resolution on the issue, claiming ballistic missiles are not designed with the capability to carry nuclear weapons.
- It also described the sanctions as illegal and vowed to counter them.
- In response to US sanctions, Iran’s Foreign Ministry says it will implement legal measures against Americans and US companies that have played a part in “creating and helping extremist terrorist groups in the region.”
- Iran denies the US wrestling team’s visas to compete in the World Cup.
US-Iran relations : Impacts
- US sanctions on Iran may lead to an oil price rally in 2017 according to some economists.
- Without European support, US sanctions simply won’t do very much and it had very little impact.
- Iran also could boost support for regional allies such as Lebanon’s Hezbollah or the Houthis in Yemen.
- Iran could shut the Strait of Hormuz, it is the way for nearly a third of all oil traded by sea.
- Iran could also target US military bases or allied countries in the region with existing missiles.