International women’s day : March 8
Before we head to International Women’s Day, let us go through the Trending current affairs articles of this month.
International Women’s Day : Background
- International Women’s Day is celebrated on March 8 every year globally.
- It is a global day celebrating the social, economic, cultural and political achievements of women.
- The day also marks a call to action for accelerating gender parity.
- International Women’s Day is a collective day of global celebration and a call for gender parity.
- Many organizations declare an annual International Women’s Day theme that supports their specific agenda or cause, and some of these are adopted more widely with relevance than others
- An effective Women’s Day was the 1975 Icelandic women’s strike which paved the way for the first female president in the world, Vigdís Finnbogadóttir.
International Women’s Day : Over the years
- The day was first observed in United States on February 28. The Socialist Part of America designated the day in honour of the garment workers’ strike in New York in 1908, where women protested for better pay and shorter working hours.
- In 1917, from its official adoption in Russia, the holiday was predominantly celebrated in communist and socialist countries.
- Women’s Day was celebrated by the communists in China from 1922, and by Spanish communists from 1936.
- People’s Republic of China, proclaimed in 1949 that March 8 would be made an official holiday with women in China given a half-day off.
- In the West, International Women’s Day was first observed as a popular event after 1977 when the United Nations General Assembly invited member states to proclaim March 8 as the UN Day for women’s rights and world peace.
- The 2017 theme for International Women’s Day, 8 March, focuses on “Women in the Changing World of Work: Planet 50-50 by 2030”.
- The United Nations observance will call upon all actors to Step It Up for Gender Equality towards a Planet 50-50 by 2030 by ensuring that the world of work works for all women.
International Women’s Day : Gender equality and UN
- The Charter of the United Nations, signed in 1945, was the first international agreement to affirm the principle of equality between women and men. Since then, the UN has helped create a historic legacy of internationally-agreed strategies, standards, programmes and goals to advance the status of women worldwide.
- Over the years, the UN and its technical agencies have promoted the participation of women as equal partners with men in achieving sustainable development, peace, security, and full respect for human rights.
- The empowerment of women continues to be a central feature of the UN’s efforts to address social, economic and political challenges across the globe.